San Antonio Civil Rights Lawyers

Texas lawyers handling complex matters in a variety of civil rights disputes

Civil rights are essentially “anti-discrimination” rights. Civil rights are enforceable and entitle all individuals to be treated fairly and free of discrimination regardless of race, gender, sexual orientation, age, national origin, physical ability or religion. If your civil rights are interfered with or violated, you are eligible to take legal action – no matter who abused their power and discriminated against you.

The San Antonio civil rights attorneys at Grable Grimshaw PLLC are dedicated to protecting the civil rights of the people of Texas. Whether you or a loved one have experienced police brutality, housing discrimination, hate crimes, racial profiling, or sexual harassment, our civil litigation attorneys want to help. Contact us today and we can start working to achieve the justice you deserve.


What Our Clients Are Saying

"To say they are amazing is an understatement! They closed a chapter in our lives we wanted to be done with, with results that others said would never happen. They went above and beyond to make sure we were happy and justice was served. If you are needing a lawyer, they are a must!! You will not be disappointed." – Victoria G.

What does a civil rights attorney do?

Civil rights are guaranteed by the government. For example, 42 U.S. Code, Section 1983 (Civil action for deprivation of rights), holds:

Every person who, under color of any statute, ordinance, regulation, custom, or usage, of any State or Territory or the District of Columbia, subjects, or causes to be subjected, any citizen of the United States or other person within the jurisdiction thereof to the deprivation of any rights, privileges, or immunities secured by the Constitution and laws, shall be liable to the party injured in an action at law, suit in equity, or other proper proceeding for redress.

Your civil rights include:

  • Freedom of Religion
  • Freedom of Speech
  • Freedom of the Press
  • Freedom of Assembly
  • Freedom of Protest
  • Right to Due Process
  • Right against Unreasonable Search and Seizure
  • Right to Vote
  • Equality in Public Places
  • Freedom from Sexual Harassment in the Workplace
  • Right against Hate Crimes

When an individual is denied their Constitutional rights and experiences hardship, discrimination, or loss, a civil rights attorney can take action and stand up on their behalf. Whether you are a U.S. citizen or an immigrant living in Texas, the legal team at Grable Grimshaw want to help. We hold defendants accountable for civil rights violations, ensuring they never discriminate or harm others again.

What are considered civil rights violations?

Any act of discrimination may constitute a civil rights violation. While it is possible that anyone could violate your civil rights, not everyone might be held liable. Each circumstance is different and requires careful analysis. For example, only the government can be held liable for violating your freedom of speech. However, private employers can be held liable for refusing employment based on things like age or gender.

A civil rights violation occurs whenever an individual has their freedoms taken away or is discriminated against as a result of them being a member of a protected class. Following are just a few examples of common civil rights violations we handle at Grable Grimshaw:

Employment discrimination

Denying someone employment on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, age, or other protected class is against the law. Even with federal laws in place, employers violate them every day. These types of violations include failure to hire, firing due to discriminatory factors, failure to promote, creating a hostile work environment, or other types of discrimination.

Sexual harassment

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, among other things, protects individuals from sexual harassment. It makes inappropriate sexual conduct illegal, as well as conduct related to gender or pregnancy status. Under these laws, it’s also unlawful to discriminate against someone, like refuse to hire or promote, if they are currently pregnant or might become pregnant.

Fair housing violations

The Fair Housing Act makes it illegal to discriminate against people when “renting or buying a home, getting a mortgage, seeking housing assistance, or engaging in other housing-related activities.” When you’re looking for a place for you and your family to live in San Antonio, you have the right to do so free of discrimination for the color of your skin, national origin, sexual orientation, religion, or disability. We can help.

Hate crimes

The FBI lists hate crimes as the highest priority of its civil rights program. These are crimes against an individual based on their race, color, religion, or national origin. In 2009, the FBI expanded this definition to include acts based on sexual orientation, gender identity, disability, or gender. Hate crimes include both physical acts or threats of violence, as well as destruction and defacing of property.

Denial of voting rights

The Voting Rights Act of 1965 ensures that everyone has the right and access to vote as guaranteed under the 15th amendment to the Constitution. However, even today, a variety of legislation continues to emerge in an effort to deny minorities the right to vote. If you are experiencing loss of your voting rights due to unlawful voter ID laws, purged voter lists, or were denied the right to vote, talk to our San Antonio attorneys today.

False arrest

False arrest and wrongful conviction are all too common, especially when it involves racial profiling. These cases can also involve unlawful search and seizure or detainment. An arrest involves depriving an individual of their freedom, whether through force or threat of force. When that arrest occurs without legal justification or without probable cause, you may have experienced a violation of your civil rights.

San Antonio attorneys upholding your Second Amendment rights

The Second Amendment protects the right of individuals to "keep and bear" firearms for their self-defense. In June 2022, the United States Supreme Court issued a crucial Second Amendment decision in N.Y. State Rifle & Pistol Ass'n v. Bruen. The Bruen case developed a new test. Before this decision, if legislation infringed on the historical right to bear arms, courts determined whether the government had a sufficiently strong interest and whether its firearm regulation was adequately tailored.

The Supreme Court rejected the expected standard in Bruen because the Second Amendment codified a “pre-existing right” with pre-existing limits. Because historical gun regulations reveal the kind of limits well understood when the Second Amendment was ratified, a regulation inconsistent with those limits is incompatible with the Second Amendment.

Courts must now apply the Bruen test when someone raises a legal challenge that a gun regulation violates the Second Amendment.

  • First, courts must ask whether the Second Amendment applies by its terms. The Supreme Court declared that “when the Second Amendment’s plain text covers an individual’s conduct, the Constitution presumptively protects that conduct.”
  • Second, courts must determine whether a given gun restriction is “consistent with the Nation’s historical tradition of firearm regulation.” The government bears the burden of demonstrating a tradition supporting the challenged law. Only by showing that the law does not tread on the historical scope of the right can the government justify its regulation.

Grable Grimshaw PLLC stands ready to defend citizens' right to keep and bear arms against unconstitutional gun regulation. Please call us today if you think you are being subjected to a law that prohibits you from exercising your Second Amendment rights.

If you suspect you’re the victim of a civil rights violation, consult with an experienced attorney right away. If it is happening to you, chances are it is also happening to others. Working with legal counsel can hold the offenders accountable for their actions and prevent them from causing harm against others in the future.

Do your civil rights attorney handle law enforcement misconduct?

Yes. Many of our civil rights cases involve law enforcement officers that allegedly violated our clients’ civil rights. Of course, not all law enforcement officers are bad or engage in misconduct. However, bad actors hide behind the uniform and degrade the reputation of those hardworking men and women within in law enforcement. No one, uniform or not, should be violating your civil rights.

Law enforcement officers are given tremendous authority and power by local, state, and federal government agencies to enforce the laws of our country. Officers have authority to detain and arrest suspects, search and seize property, and use deadly force in certain situations. Unfortunately, some law enforcement officers abuse this authority. That is why Congress permits individuals to sue anyone that acts under “color of law” to deprive a person of their protected rights or privileges.

In 2019 in the wake of George Floyd’s death, USA Today released data showing that in the last decade, over 85,000 law enforcement officers were investigated or disciplined for misconduct (out of at least 200,000 incidents). Of those 85,000, this misconduct resulted in over 30,000 officers being decertified by state agencies.

Some examples of claims that we pursue on behalf our clients against bad actor law enforcement officers include, but are not limited to:

  • Excessive force
  • Abuse of power
  • Retaliation for protected conduct
  • Unlawful arrest
  • Unlawful seizure
  • Malicious prosecution

The legal team at Grable Grimshaw are dedicated to protecting the civil liberties and rights of all individuals throughout Texas. We are ready to hear about and help with your case.

Compassionate civil rights attorneys serving San Antonio

If you or a loved one are victims of civil rights violations, and want to evaluate what options are available to you, talk to the experienced lawyers at Grable Grimshaw PLLC today. Whether you want to negotiate a fair settlement or take your case to trial, our attorneys have the knowledge and experience to guide you through the process with confidence. Call 210-963-5297 or fill out our contact form today to set up a consultation in our San Antonio offices. We also serve clients throughout Texas.